Екваторска клима

вид тропска клима

Екваторска клима или влажна тропска клима — вид на тропска клима присутна во појаси од 10. до 15. напоредник од екваторот. Се одликува со висока средна годишна температура, мали температурни разлики и дождови во текот на целата година. Подрачјата со оваа клима обично ја носат ознаката Af според Кепеновата класификација на климата. Екваторската клима типично е врела, многу влажна и дождлива.

Подрачја во светот со екваторска клима (Af).

ОписУреди

 
Типична тропска шума во Борнео.

Тропските дождовни шуми имаат вид на тропска клима каде не постои сува сезона — сите месеци имаат просечни врнежи од барем 60 мм. Деновите се климатски слични еден на друг, а температурната промена помеѓу денот и ноќта може да е поголема од просечната температурна промена во текот на годината.[1]

Екваторски клими и тропски пасатни климиУреди

Кога во екваторските клими повеќе преовладува меѓутропската конвергентна зона (ITCZ) отколку пасатите (без циклони или ретко), тие се нарекуваат екваторски клими во потесна смисла. Кога случајот е обратен, тогаш го носат името тропски пасатни клими. Во чистите екваторски клими, атмосферскиот притосок е низок и речиси постојан. Оттука, ветриштата се ретки и обично слаби (со исклучок на слаби развигори по крајбрежјето), додека кај тропските пасатни клими, кои се поддалечени од екваторот, ветрот е речиси постојан и имаат посиромашни дождовни шуми.[2][3]

Градови со екваторска климаУреди

Азија

Океанија

Африка

Америка

Парамарибо, Суринам
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
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&1000000000000003000000030
&1000000000000002200000022
Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: [1]


Мбандака, ДР Конго
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
&1000000000000008000000080
 
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&1000000000000001900000019
 
 
&10000000000000120000000120
 
&1000000000000003000000030
&1000000000000001900000019
Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: [2]


Понтијанак, Индонезија
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
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&1000000000000003200000032
&1000000000000002200000022
Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: [3]


Кучинг, Малезија
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
&10000000000000466000000466
 
&1000000000000003000000030
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Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: Мес. стат. билтен на Саравак


Давао, Филипини
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
&10000000000000140000000140
 
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&1000000000000002400000024
 
 
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&1000000000000003100000031
&1000000000000002400000024
Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: [4]


Кибдо, Колумбија
Климатограм
ЈФМАМЈЈАСОНД
 
 
&10000000000000579000000579
 
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&1000000000000003000000030
&1000000000000002300000023
 
 
&10000000000000589000000589
 
&1000000000000003000000030
&1000000000000002300000023
Прос. мин. и макс. температура во °C
Вкупно врнежи во мм
Извор: [5]

ПоврзаноУреди

НаводиУреди

  1. McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). „Climate Zones and Types“. Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. стр. 205–8. ISBN 978-0-13-020263-5.
  2. Climatologie Pierre Estienne Alain Godard, pages 309 and 316
  3. Seidel, Dian J.; Fu, Qiang; Randel, William J.; Reichler, Thomas J. (January 2008). „Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate“. Nature Geoscience. 1 (1): 21–24. Bibcode:2008NatGe...1...21S. doi:10.1038/ngeo.2007.38. ISSN 1752-0908.