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Сојузни држави во Бразил

најкрупната административна единица на Бразил

Бразил е поделен на 26 сојузни држави и еден федерален округ. Ниеден од составниците нема право на оттуѓување. Државите се основани на историски, конвенционални граници создавани низ времето, иако некои граници се обсудливи. Државите можат да бидат делени и соединувани со цел создавање на нови по основа на плебицит. Државите имаат нивна управа, право да собираат свои даноци и данок на ниво на федерацијата. Тие имаат гувернep и легислативно тело избрани од нивниот народ. Поседуваат исто така и независно судство. Но, сепак го немаат правото да создаваат свои закони.

Сојузна држава
Estado
Категоријасојузна држава
МестоФедеративна Република Бразил
Број26
Населенија496,936 (Рораима) – 44,035,304 (Сао Паоло)
Површини21.910 км2 (Сержипе) – 1.570.800 км2 (Амазон)
Управауправа
Подединициопштини

ИсторијаУреди

Во 1943 г., со влегувањето на Бразил во Втората светска војна, Вергасовиот режим зел директно под своја управа неколку стратегиски територии: Амапа, Рио Бранко, Акре, Гуапоре, Понта Пора, Игуасу и архипелагот Фернандо де Нороња. По војната, првите три територии се претворени во држави, Понта Пора и Игуасу останале територии. Во 1988 г., Фернандо де Нороња е припоен кон Пернамбуко.

Во 1960 г., четириаголниот „федерален округ“ е создаден од Гојас за подготовка на новата национална престолнина, Бразилија. Поранењниот федерален округ станал Гуанабара сè до 1975 г., кога бил слеан со Рио де Жанеиро.

Во 1977 г. Мато Гросо е разделен на две држави. Северниот дел го задржал името Мато Гросо, додека јужниот станал државата Јужно Мато Гросо, со престолнина Кампо Гранде. Новата држава Јужно Мато Гросо ги присоединила териториите Понта Пора и северниот дел на Игуасу. Централен Игуасу преминал под Пара, а Јужен Игуасу под Санта Катарина.

Во 1988 г., северниот дел од Гојас бил претворен во државата Токантинс, со престолнина Палмаш.

СписокУреди

Знаме Сојузна држава Кратенка Главен град Површина (км2) Население (2014) Густина (на км2, 2014) БДП (мјд. R$ и удел, 2012) БДП по жител (R$, 2012) ИЧР (2010) Писменост (2014) Смртност на новород. (2014) Животен век (2014)
  Акре AC Рио Бранко &10000000001525814000000152.581,4 &10000000000000790100999790.101 &100000000000004470000004,47 &100000000000096290000009,629 (&100000000000000020000000,2%) &1000000000000001268999912.690 &100000000000006630000000,663 94% &100000000000000160000001,6% &1000000000000075400000075,4
  Алагоас AL Масејо &1000000000027767700000027.767,7 &100000000000000033210003.321.730 &10000000000001123000000112,3 &1000000000002954500000029,545 (&100000000000000070000000,7%) &100000000000000093330009.333 &100000000000006310000000,631 90% &100000000000000170000001,7% &1000000000000073500000073,5
  Амазон AM Манаус &100000000157074570000001.570.745,7 &100000000000000038730003.873.743 &100000000000002230000002,23 &1000000000006412000000064,120 (&100000000000000170000001,7%) &1000000000000001785500017.855 &100000000000006740000000,674 96% &100000000000000190000001,9% &1000000000000073700000073,7
  Амапа AP Макапа &10000000001428146000000142.814,6 &10000000000000750912000750.912 &100000000000004690000004,69 &1000000000001042000000010,420 (&100000000000000020000000,2%) &1000000000000001491399914.914 &100000000000007080000000,708 99% &100000000000000160000001,6% &1000000000000075400000075,4
  Баија BA Салвадор &10000000005646927000000564.692,7 &1000000000000001512599915.126.371 &1000000000000248200000024,82 &10000000000167727000000167,727 (&100000000000000380000003,8%) &1000000000000001183200011.832 &100000000000006600000000,660 91% &100000000000000200000002,0% &1000000000000074300000074,3
  Гојас GO Гојанија &10000000003400867000000340.086,7 &100000000000000065229996.523.222 &1000000000000176500000017,65 &10000000000123926000000123,926 (&100000000000000240000002,4%) &1000000000000002013400020.134 &100000000000007350000000,735 97% &100000000000000090000000,9% &1000000000000075900000075,9
  Еспирито Санто ES Виторија &1000000000046077500000046.077,5 &100000000000000038849993.885.049 &1000000000000762500000076,25 &10000000000107329000000107,329 (&100000000000000220000002,2%) &1000000000000002999599929.996 &100000000000007400000000,740 99% &100000000000000480000000,48% &1000000000000080100000080,1
  Јужно Мато Гросо MS Кампо Гранде &10000000003571250000000357.125,0 &100000000000000026190002.619.657 &100000000000006860000006,86 &1000000000005447100000054,471 (&100000000000000100000001,0%) &1000000000000002174399921.744 &100000000000007290000000,729 97% &100000000000000070000000,7% &1000000000000076100000076,1
  Јужно Рио Гранде RS Порто Алегре &10000000002817485000000281.748,5 &1000000000000001120700011.207.274 &1000000000000379600000037,96 &10000000000277658000000277,658 (&100000000000000630000006,3%) &1000000000000002577899925.779 &100000000000007460000000,746 99% &100000000000000040000000,4% &1000000000000079300000079,3
  Марањао MA Сао Луис &10000000003319833000000331.983,3 &100000000000000068499996.850.884 &1000000000000198100000019,81 &1000000000005892000000058,920 (&100000000000000120000001,2%) &100000000000000087599998.760 &100000000000006390000000,639 90% &100000000000000190000001,9% &1000000000000072500000072,5
  Мато Гросо MT Кујаба &10000000009033579000000903.357,9 &100000000000000032240003.224.357 &100000000000003360000003,36 &1000000000008083000000080,830 (&100000000000000150000001,5%) &1000000000000002594500025.945 &100000000000007250000000,725 94% &100000000000000130000001,3% &1000000000000074600000074,6
  Минас Жераис MG Бело Хоризонте &10000000005865283000000586.528,3 &1000000000000002073400020.734.097 &1000000000000334100000033,41 &10000000000403551000000403,551 (&100000000000000920000009,2%) &1000000000000002032400020.324 &100000000000007310000000,731 98.6% &100000000000000610000000,61% &1000000000000078700000078,7
  Пара PA Белем &100000000124768950000001.247.689,5 &100000000000000080730008.073.924 &100000000000006070000006,07 &1000000000009100900000091,009 (&100000000000000190000001,9%) &1000000000000001167800011.678 &100000000000006460000000,646 94% &100000000000000160000001,6% &1000000000000074200000074,2
  Параиба PB Жоао Песоа &1000000000056439800000056.439,8 &100000000000000039430003.943.885 &1000000000000667000000066,70 &1000000000003873100000038,731 (&100000000000000080000000,8%) &1000000000000001015099910.151 &100000000000006580000000,658 92% &100000000000000170000001,7% &1000000000000074100000074,1
  Парана PR Куритиба &10000000001993149000000199.314,9 &1000000000000001108099911.081.692 &1000000000000524000000052,40 &10000000000255927000000255,927 (&100000000000000580000005,8%) &1000000000000002419399924.194 &100000000000007490000000,749 98% &100000000000000070000000,7% &1000000000000077800000077,8
  Пернамбуко PE Ресифе &1000000000098311600000098.311,6 &100000000000000092769999.277.727 &1000000000000896200000089,62 &10000000000117340000000117,340 (&100000000000000230000002,3%) &1000000000000001313799913.138 &100000000000006730000000,673 92% &100000000000000190000001,9% &1000000000000074800000074,8
  Пјауи PI Терезина &10000000002515292000000251.529,2 &100000000000000031939993.194.178 &1000000000000012400000012,4 &1000000000002572100000025,721 (&100000000000000050000000,5%) &100000000000000081370008.137 &100000000000006460000000,646 90% &100000000000000180000001,8% &1000000000000072700000072,7
  Рио де Жанеиро RJ Рио де Жанеиро &1000000000043696100000043.696,1 &1000000000000001646099916.461.173 &10000000000036523000000365,23 &10000000000504221000000504,221 (&1000000000000011500000011,5%) &1000000000000003106400031.064 &100000000000007610000000,761 99% &100000000000000130000001,3% &1000000000000077100000077,1
  Рондонија RO Порто Велјо &10000000002375762000000237.576,2 &100000000000000017480001.748.531 &100000000000006580000006,58 &1000000000002936200000029,362 (&100000000000000060000000,6%) &1000000000000001307499913.075 &100000000000006900000000,690 94.6% &100000000000001850000001,85% &1000000000000073700000073,7
  Рораима RR Боа Виста &10000000002242990000000224.299,0 &10000000000000496935999496.936 &100000000000002010000002,01 &100000000000073140000007,314 (&100000000000000020000000,2%) &1000000000000001555700015.557 &100000000000007070000000,707 94.5% &100000000000001510000001,51% &1000000000000073500000073,5
  Санта Катарина SC Флоријанополис &1000000000095346200000095.346,2 &100000000000000067270006.727.148 &1000000000000652700000065,27 &10000000000177276000000177,276 (&100000000000000400000004,0%) &1000000000000002777100027.771 &100000000000007740000000,774 99% &100000000000000300000000,30% &1000000000000008100000081
  Сао Паоло SP Сао Паоло &10000000002482094000000248.209,4 &1000000000000004403499944.035.304 &10000000000016623000000166,23 &100000000014089040000001.408,904 (&1000000000000032100000032,1%) &1000000000000003362400033.624 &100000000000007830000000,783 99% &100000000000000450000000,45% &1000000000000079800000079,8
  Сеара CE Форталеза &10000000001488256000000148.825,6 &100000000000000088420008.842.791 &1000000000000056800000056,8 &1000000000009013200000090,132 (&100000000000000200000002,0%) &1000000000000001047300010.473 &100000000000006820000000,682 93% &100000000000001650000001,65% &1000000000000074900000074,9
  Северно Рио Гранде RN Натал &1000000000052796800000052.796,8 &100000000000000034079993.408.510 &1000000000000599900000059,99 &1000000000003954400000039,544 (&100000000000000090000000,9%) &1000000000000001224900012.249 &100000000000006840000000,684 95.1% &100000000000001380000001,38% &1000000000000076700000076,7
  Сержипе SE Аракажу &1000000000021910300000021.910,3 &100000000000000022189992.219.514 &1000000000000943600000094,36 &1000000000002782300000027,823 (&100000000000000060000000,6%) &1000000000000001317999913.180 &100000000000006650000000,665 93% &100000000000000180000001,8% &1000000000000073000000073,0
  Токантинс TO Палмас &10000000002776209000000277.620,9 &100000000000000014960001.496.880 &100000000000004980000004,98 &1000000000001953000000019,530 (&100000000000000040000000,4%) &1000000000000001377500013.775 &100000000000006990000000,699 94% &100000000000000170000001,7% &1000000000000074500000074,5
  Федерален округ DF Бразилија &100000000000582210000005.822,1 &100000000000000028519992.852.372 &10000000000044466000000444,66 &10000000000171236000000171,236 (&100000000000000390000003,9%) &1000000000000006465300064.653 &100000000000008240000000,824 98.8% &100000000000000650000000,65% &1000000000000079800000079,8