Китарата била професионална верзија на седум-жичаната ''[[лира]]''. Спротивно на попростата ''лира'', која била фолклорен инструмент, китарата примарно се користела од страна на професионални музичари (видете [[китароде]], ''цитароедус''). (''[[Барбитос]]от'' бил бас верзија на китарата популарна во источниот [[Егеј]] и античка [[Мала Азија]].)
The kithara had a deep, wooden [[sounding box]] composed of two resonating tables, either flat or slightly arched, connected by ribs or sides of equal width. At the top, its strings were knotted around the transverse tuning bar (zugon) or to rings threaded over the bar, or wound around pegs. The other end of the strings was secured to a tail-piece after passing over a flat bridge, or the tail-piece and bridge were combined. It was played with a rigid [[plectrum]] held in the right hand, with elbow outstretched and palm bent inwards, while the strings were plucked with the straightened fingers of the left hand.
The kithara was played primarily to accompany dances and epic recitations, rhapsodies, odes, and lyric songs. It was also played solo at the receptions, banquets, national games, and trials of skill.
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