Разлика помеѓу преработките на „Китара“

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с (Нова страница: thumb|right|250px|[[Apollo Citharoedus with '''kithara''']] The '''kithara''' was an ancient Greek [[musical inst...)
[[ImageСлика:Apollo Musagetes Pio-Clementino Inv310.jpg|thumbмини|right|250px|[[ApolloАполон CitharoedusКитароедус]] withсо '''kithara'китара'' во рацете]]
'''Китарата''' била [[Античка Грција|антички грчки]] [[музички инструмент]] од фамилијата на [[цитра|цитри]]. На [[латински јазик|латински]] се нарекува ''cithara (цитара)'', а во модерниот [[грчки јазик]] зборот ''κιθάρα (китара)'' го добил значењето [[гитара]].
The '''kithara''' was an [[ancient Greek]] [[musical instrument]] in the [[zither]] family. In [[Latin]] it is spelled '''''cithara''''', and in modern [[Greek (language)|Greek]] the word ''kithara'' has come to mean ''[[guitar]]''.
Китарата била професионална верзија на седум-жичаната ''[[лира]]''. Спротивно на попростата ''лира'', која била фолклорен инструмент, китарата примарно се користела од страна на професионални музичари (видете [[китароде]], ''цитароедус''). (''[[Барбитос]]от'' бил бас верзија на китарата популарна во источниот [[Егеј]] и античка [[Мала Азија]].)
The kithara was a professional version of the seven-stringed ''lyra'' ([[lyre]]). As opposed to the simpler ''lyra'', which was a folk-instrument, the kithara was primarily used by professional musicians (see [[kitharode]], ''citharoedus''). (The ''[[barbitos]]'' was a bass version of the kithara popular in the eastern [[Aegean]] and ancient [[Asia Minor]].)
The kithara had a deep, wooden [[sounding box]] composed of two resonating tables, either flat or slightly arched, connected by ribs or sides of equal width. At the top, its strings were knotted around the transverse tuning bar (zugon) or to rings threaded over the bar, or wound around pegs. The other end of the strings was secured to a tail-piece after passing over a flat bridge, or the tail-piece and bridge were combined. It was played with a rigid [[plectrum]] held in the right hand, with elbow outstretched and palm bent inwards, while the strings were plucked with the straightened fingers of the left hand.
The kithara was played primarily to accompany dances and epic recitations, rhapsodies, odes, and lyric songs. It was also played solo at the receptions, banquets, national games, and trials of skill.
==Видете исто така==
==See also==
==Надворешни врски==
==External links==
*[http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Cithara ClassicСтатија Encyclopediaна articleкласичната енциклопедија]
*[http://www.oeaw.ac.at/kal/agm SoundЗвучни examplesпримери fromод reconstructedреконструирани ancientантички instrumentsинструменти]
[[Category:Musical instruments]]
[[Category:Ancient music]]
[[Категорија:Музички инструменти]]
[[Категорија:Античка музика]]