[[Шаховски мајстор|Шаховските мајстори]] сметаат дека зголемување на позиционата предност води до поголем број на поволни тактички можности.
* ''„Стратегијата бара размислување; тактиката бара
проникливост.“'' - [[Макс Ејве]]
При описот на стратегијата и тактиката, тука ќе користиме [[алгебарска шаховска нотација]].
: ''Главна статија: [[Поенска вредност на шаховските фигури]]''
One thing that applies both strategically and tactically is material advantage. If you command more pieces, or more powerful pieces, than your opponent, you will have greater opportunity. Beginners are therefore advised to always consider capturing their opponent's pieces and saving their own. The capturing piece lands on a square where, often, it can be recaptured, so you need to know which piece is more valuable.
A [[Knight (chess)|knight]] is about as valuable as a [[Bishop (chess)|bishop]] (these two are called '''minor pieces'''), but less valuable than a [[Rook (chess)|rook]], and less still than a [[Queen (chess)|queen]] (rooks and queens are called '''major pieces'''). Bishops are usually considered to be slightly better than knights in open positions (such as toward the end of the game, when many of the pieces have been captured), whereas knights have an advantage in closed positions. Having two bishops is a particularly powerful weapon, especially if the opposing player has lost one or both of his bishops.
Three [[Pawn (chess)|pawns]] are likely to be more useful than a knight in the endgame, but in the middlegame a knight is often more powerful. Two minor pieces are stronger than a single rook. Two rooks are stronger than a queen, but not by much.
One commonly used simple scoring system is 1 point for a pawn, 3 for a knight or bishop, 5 for a rook, and 9 for a queen. Under a system like this, giving up a knight or bishop in order to win a rook ("winning the exchange") is advantageous and is worth about two pawns. This of course ignores such complications as the current position and freedom of the pieces involved, but it is a good starting point. In an open position, bishops will be more valuable than knights (a bishop pair can easily be worth 7 points or more in some situations); conversely, in a closed position, bishops will be less valuable than knights. The [[king (chess)|king]] is infinitely valuable since its loss causes the loss of the game.
== Тактика ==